This module will provide a simple approach to carrying out a practical risk assessment and will enable learners to explain why accidents must be reported, who should report them, and why accidents require an investigation.



Test Your Current Knowledge of Manual Handling

After answering each of the questions below, click the blue arrow at bottom right to advance the next question.


Accident Reporting & R-I-D-D-O-R

Watch the following video to learn important facts about accidents and incidents which might occur in your workplace:


R-I-D-D-O-R: Important Manual Handling Legislation

Select each letter of the R-I-D-D-O-R acronym below to discover its meaning and importance for your workplace:


Carrying Out A Manual Handling Assessment

Assessing Your Workplace

Watch the following video to learn which roles are involved in establishing and maintaining a workplace assessment for manual handling:


T-I-L-E-O Assessment Procedures

Each of the short videos below will deliver vital information to understand the TILEO Assessment procedure and how you can incorporate this into your own workplace policy – play each video and take note of the areas which apply to your environment.

“T” for “Task”– What manual handling activity needs to be done?

First off, t for task – what does the handling task actually involve? For example, does it require holding a load away from the body, carrying a load for a long distance? Are there obstacles in the paths of material and handlers? Is there repetitive lifting/moving? Pushing or pulling? Twisting? In your assessment, think about practical ways that you can quickly reduce any risks you identify, for instance, can you remove obstacles in the handlers’ path? Are you able to secure or provide a lifting aid? Can the carrying distance be reduced by moving things closer or perhaps producing a rest point along the way? Can the work be varied to reduce repetitive strain?

“I” for “Individual” – Who is going to carry out the activity that poses a risk? Are they suited for the task?

Secondly, “i” for “individual – consider the load that they will be lifting. Does the individual have the requisite strength to lift the load? Is the individual potentially a pregnant woma or perhaps someone with a disability? Will additional training be required to lift the load safely?

“L” for “load” – What material needs lifting and/or moving? Can you prevent it needing to be lifted/moved?

How about “l” for “load” – is the load heavy or perhaps a difficult or awkward shape? Are there handles on the load? Could the materials themselves cause harm for example extreme hot or cold exposure?, does the load impair the vision or walkway of the carrier?

“E” for “Environment” – what are the conditions and the environment like in the area where the manual handling activity must take place? Are there potential hazards?

Examine “e” for “environment” – does the required ppe restrict the handler’s or load’s movement for instance, safety gloves. Is lighting adequate to safely transport the load, what is the condition of the floors or perhaps external conditions like weather, humidity, etc.

“O” for “Other factors”– like personal protective equipment (ppe) or special considerations for individuals, for instance pregnancy or disabilities.

“O” for “other” factors – does the task require handling equipment and if so, do you have the correct equipment on hand for the job? Is the equipment in correct working order? Are you able to operate the equipment using your arms between your waist and shoulder for maximum support?



Completing a Risk Assessment the T-I-L-E-O Way:

On your own, open up a spreadsheet in Excel, Google Sheets, or Open Office (your spreadsheet software of choice) and create a table to match the assessment table below. Create an assessment for your own work environment considering a minimum of at least two manual handling tasks (4 would be ideal) that you complete within your workplace and the risks involved with those tasks according to the considerations from the T-I-L-E-O accordion above. Using the TILEO acronym as a guide and the TILEO risk factor key in the second table below, calculate the probability and impact of risk in your specific situation:

Refer to the sample table below for a key to completing your own manual handling assessment in the table you create with Excel, Google Sheets, Open Office, etc.


What Are The Risks of Your Workplace?

Conduct your own preliminary risk assessment now by reading the following risks and answer whether they apply or do not apply in your workplace. Is this a motivation/encouragement/reinforcement for your employer to carry out a manual handling workplace assessment for the first time? Or refresh the current assessment?