In this module we are going to explore what FGM is and what the effects are of FGM on victims. We will also look at some of the things that people say and ask about FGM and learn some more helpful ways to support survivors of FGM.

Four Types of FGM

According to Unicef data, female genital mutilation (FGM) refers to

“All procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.”

– Unicef data

While the exact number of girls and women worldwide who have undergone FGM remains unknown, at least 200 million girls and women have been cut in 30 countries with representative data on prevalence.

Female genital mutilation is classified into four major types. All four of the following types of female genital mutilation are illegal within the UK and within many other countries throughout the world.

The following graphic contains a number of images and the corresponding four types of FGM. Click the “turn” button at the bottom centre of the image card to reveal the information. Then proceed through each of the remaining type by selecting the blue arrow at the bottom right of each card:

Overall Effects of FGM

The devastating effects of FGM are represented below by an image with accompanying text underneath. Learn about each impact by slowly dragging the selector to the right until you have familiarised yourself with this important topic:

Emotional Impact of FGM

Now let’s take a look at the emotional impact of Female Genital Mutilation. Select the left and right arrows underneath the image to advance through key areas of information contained on each the slides:

We will explore some of the supportive agencies within the UK that we are able to signpost survivors to, as well as for us to further our knowledge and understanding and seek advice and guidance from. 

Things Not to Say to FGM Survivors:

Module One: Knowledge Test