In this module we will consider what is probably the most popular activity of all in terms of number. YouTube is extraordinarily popular with all ages but as with many other online activities, there are concerns. We will also take a basic look at social media, considering what it is, how it is used by children and young people and a few of the more popular apps.

Now let’s take a look at the most popular social media channel for children and young people: YouTube. Select the left and right arrows underneath the image to advance through key areas of information contained on each the slides:

Risks Concerning Content

In terms of the 3 C’s, content is probably the biggest concern for most.

YouTube can be a fascinating area to discuss with children and young people to find out about their favourite channels and influencers, equally it can be quite an eye-opener, particularly in primary schools. 

Risks Concerning Conduct

The following graphic contains a number of images and corresponding online risks as they pertain to conduct. Click the “turn” button at the bottom centre of the image card to reveal the information. Then proceed through each of the remaining point by selecting the blue arrow at the bottom right of each card:

Other Types of Social Media

Social media is the biggest area in terms of content, contact and conduct and it’s also the biggest due to the amount of apps that are available. The amount and the constant development of new apps can make social media a particularly difficult area to keep up with.

Equally, many people use social media, many others don’t, and for those that don’t it can be difficult to understand both the positives and negatives of its use. If you are not a user of social media you will come away with a good understanding of why social media is used, some of the risks, and the positives and negatives.

Other social meia types are represented below by an image with accompanying text underneath. Learn about each type by slowly dragging the selector to the right until you have familiarised yourself with this important topic:

Select the arrows to the left of each form of social media in the accordion below to receive an overview of each type of app:

Now let’s discuss the three C’s: content, contact, and conduct a bit more. Select the left and right arrows underneath the image to advance through key areas of information contained on each the slides:

Live Streaming

The emerging and growing area of concern is live streaming. This is children and young people broadcasting themselves live to others using an app or website.

There are hundreds, possibly thousands of apps that allow live streaming, from the dedicated ones such as TikTok, YouNow and Twitch, which is hugely popular with gamers, to the popular apps that have live streaming integrated such as YouTube and Instagram.

The Internet Watch Foundation, based in Cambridge, published their trends report in 2018 showing significant concerns around grooming and exploitation via live streaming. They released further statements in January 2020 showing increased concerns, for example girls aged between 11-13 who could clearly be seen in captured live streams who are doing things for likes. The IWF reported that a third of the illegal captures they are now seeing, is generated by the children themselves, and that is hugely concerning. But remember, although this is self-generated content and although we refer to this as conduct, or the behaviour of the young person, they are victims.

IWF Reference – https://www.iwf.org.uk/sites/default/files/inline-files/Distribution%20of%20Captures%20of%20Live-streamed%20Child%20Sexual%20Abuse%20FINAL.pdf

Module Four: Knowledge Test